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First Aid & Safety

 
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First Aid & Safety

Recommended Grade Level: 11 - 12

In this course, students learn and practice first aid procedures for a variety of common conditions, including muscular, skeletal, and soft tissue injuries. In addition, students learn how to appropriately respond to a variety of emergency situations. They also learn the procedures for choking and CPR for infants, children, and adults. In addition to emergency response, students will explore personal, household, and outdoor safety, and disaster preparedness.

Credit: 0.5

 

Prerequisites:

None

 

Required Materials:

 

Technical Requirements

A PDF reader and a word-processing program are required for this course. It is also recommended that you have either a Flash player or MP4 player.

  • Flash Player
  • Adobe Reader
  • QuickTime MP4 Player
  • Word Processing Programs:
  • Microsoft Word
  • Open Office

Syllabus:

 

Unit 1: Safety & Injury Prevention

  • 1.1 Personal Health

In this section you will be learning about personal health. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Analyze your personal health, identify areas for improvement, and determine steps to make needed changes.
  • Identify various pathogens and some diseases they cause.
  • Differentiate between direct and indirect transmission of disease.
  • Explain healthy hygiene practices and their importance to avoiding illness.
  • Distinguish between non-controllable and controllable risk factors.
  • Analyze your personal risk factors.
  • Differentiate the difference between environmental and lifestyle factors.
  • 1.2 Personal Safety

In this section you will be learning about personal and household safety. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Determine risk factors of specific safety scenarios, predict possible outcomes, and report how to avoid danger
  • Examine an accident and analyze the accident chain
  • Identify precautions to avoid becoming a victim of violence
  • Identify potential hazards in your home and how to avoid injury
  • Identify safety precautions necessary when outdoors.
  • 1.3 Preparedness

In this section you will be learning about being prepared. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Name and describe four parts of the disaster cycle
  • Identify three ways to be better prepared for emergencies
  • Compare and contrast the differences and similarities between prevention and mitigation
  • Identify three types of emergencies and give examples of each
  • Develop a family plan to initiate in case of an emergency
  • Create a disaster readiness plan by locating emergency items and identifing needed supplies with their cost.

Unit 2: Basic First Aid

  • 2.1 Emergencies & Disasters

In this section you will be learning about emergencies and disasters. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Identify how to be prepared for an earthquake and a hurricane
  • Describe what to do to stay safe in an earthquake
  • Evaluate the need to evacuate in a hurricane
  • Understand the difference between a tornado watch and a tornado warning
  • With the help of a parent or teacher analyze which natural disasters may be most likely to occur in their area
  • Identify safety measures that can be taken to prevent house fires
  • Create a fire escape plan for their home or apartment
  • Discuss how and why to properly maintain a smoke detector
  • Explain what to do if found in a situation with an active shooter
  • Analyze whether to run, hide, or fight depending on the circumstances in an active shooter scenario
  • Recognize that to run would be better than to hide and to hide would be better than to fight, if possible during an active shooter situation
  • Research natural disasters in history, it’s effects, the response, and possible future mitigation.
  • 2.2 Introduction to First Aid

In this section you will be learning about first aid basics. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Describe what first aid is
  • Identify ten items that would commonly be found in a first aid kit
  • Explain the role of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in a community
  • Develop an emergency plan that includes escape plans, meeting places, and emergency contact information.
  • 2.3 Rules and Procedures

In this section you will be learning about the laws of first aid. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Explain what a good Samaritan law means
  • Identify three things that a reasonable and prudent responder would do
  • Describe what constitutes consent
  • Explain three ways that a person can be exposed to disease while giving first aid
  • Identify three ways that a person can protect oneself from disease exposure while giving first aid
  • Demonstrate removal of gloves
  • Recognize that a scene is safe
  • List five circumstances in which the responder should activate the local EMS
  • Explain when it would be appropriate to move a victim
  • Research volunteer opportunities and design campain poster to recruit volunteers
  • 2.4 Assessing the Victim

In this section you will be learning about helping the victim. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Demonstrate how to perform a head to toe assessment
  • Remember five questions to ask to identify the problem
  • Analyze data received in an assessment to identify life threatening situations
  • Demonstrate how to check an unconscious victim, a conscious victim, and the recovery position.

Unit 3: Muscle & Skeletal Injuries

  • 3.1 Muscle Injuries

In this section you will be learning about muscle injuries. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Identify the signs of a sprain and dislocation
  • Demonstrate proper care of a sprain or dislocation
  • Demonstrate how to buddy tape a finger
  • Verbalize the need to receive medical care for a dislocation
  • Define muscle strain and identify first aid actions
  • Identify signs of heat cramps, recognize heat cramps as an emergency condition and list steps to take to care of this condition
  • Identify when a contusion may be a serious medical emergency and discuss how to care for this condition
  • Explain first aid care for a musculoskeletal injury using the acronym RICES
  • Demonstrate how to use an elastic bandage to wrap a joint
  • Discuss how to properly apply ice to an injury
  • Demonstrate how to correctly bandage an ankle.
  • 3.2 Skeletal Injuries

In this section you will be learning about skeletal injuries. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Explain the types of splint and five guidelines for splinting a bone or joint injury
  • Explain when a spinal cord injury should be suspected
  • Verbalize the importance of calling EMS any time a head, neck, or back injury is suspected
  • Discuss the need to minimize movement of the head, neck, and back after serious injury
  • Explain when to suspect a concussion or other head injury
  • Verbalize the importance of seeking medical care any time a head injury is suspected
  • List five safety measures to prevent head injury
  • Classify the various types of skeletal fracture
  • Define basic first aid measures for fractures
  • Demonstrate how to correctly stabilize the spine, splint an injured bone or joint (ankle, knee, wrist or forearm) and apply a sling and binder

Unit 4: Soft Tissue Injuries

  • 4.1 Cuts and Contusions

In this section you will be learning about cuts and contustions. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Explain how to care for minor open wounds
  • Demonstrate how to stop bleeding from a laceration
  • Identify minor wounds requiring treatment by a healthcare professional
  • Explain the difference between an open and closed wound
  • Describe first aid care for closed wounds
  • Discuss when to suspect internal bleeding
  • Describe first aid care for an amputation
  • Explain why tourniquets should be used only as a last resort
  • Describe first aid considerations for puncture wounds
  • Describe how to care for an eye injury
  • Explain care for a nosebleed
  • Identify proper care for a tooth injury
  • Create a brochure highlighting local community resources to learn more about safety and first aid
  • 4.2 Hot and Cold Emergencies

In this section you will be learning about heat and cold related emergencies. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Understand the different types of burns
  • Explain basic first aid treatment for the different types of burns
  • List burn prevention measures
  • Name and describe the degrees of burns and their physical characteristics
  • Understand treatment for each degree of burn
  • Decide when emergency medical care is necessary
  • Identify when a heat-related medical emergency exists
  • Explain when a person would be at risk for a heat-related medical emergency
  • Demonstrate how to give care for a person with a medical emergency
  • Explain how to prevent a cold emergency
  • Identify first aid actions for caring for frostbite and hypothermia
  • Identify potential burn dangers in a household and explain treatment and prevention
  • 4.3 Bites, Stings, and Allergic Reactions

In this section you will be learning about bites, stings, and allergic reactions. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Explain how to care for a snake, animal, or human bites
  • Identify what animals are at risk for spreading rabies
  • Identify a life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis
  • Explain how to treat a minor allergic reaction
  • Explain when to call 911 or the local emergency number for an allergic reaction
  • Identify the signs of a serious sting or bite injury
  • Explain first aid care for an insect, spider, or scorpion bite or sting
  • Identify when a breathing emergency is serious
  • Demonstrate how to care for a person with a breathing emergency
  • Identify local animals and insects that may pose a threat. Research treatment protocol and when medical care is necessary.

Unit 5: Life Threatening Injuries

  • 5.1 CPR, AED, and Choking

In this section you will be learning about CPR, AED, and choking. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Recall the steps for performing CPR
  • Recite what C-A-B stands for (Compressions, Airway, Breathing)
  • Differentiate between adult, child, and infant CPR
  • Describe the purpose of an Automated External Defibrillator
  • Demonstrate how to give abdominal thrusts to a choking adult or child
  • Identify when to give chest thrusts to a choking adult or child
  • Demonstrate how to give back slaps and chest thrusts to a choking infant
  • List the modifications to regular CPR when giving CPR to an unconscious choking victim
  • 5.2 Stroke and Heart Attack

In this section you will be learning about stroke and heart attack. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Identify the signs of a heart attack
  • Describe the first aid care for chest pain
  • Identify the signs of a stroke
  • Describe the first aid care for a stroke
  • Explain the risk factors for strokes and heart attacks and discuss prevention efforts for these diseases
  • Create an advertisement to promote a community medical clinic and the conditions they treat.
  • 5.3 Other Emergencies

In this section you will be learning about the other types of emergencies. By the end of this section you should be able to do the following:

  • Identify the signs of a diabetic emergency
  • Explain how to treat a diabetic emergency, identifying that the person needs sugar
  • Discuss first aid care for a person who has fainted
  • Identify that fainting is not a medical emergency, but may require first aid care
  • Identify what a seizure is and recognize signs of a seizure
  • Demonstrate proper care for someone having a seizure
  • Discuss at least three different causes of a seizure
  • Research a medical career and the requirements to work in the field.

 

Accreditation & Approvals