This course covers the application of Newton’s Laws of Motion and Gravity both conceptually and quantitatively. The course includes calculation of average speed, velocity, and acceleration. The course provides an understanding of forces due to gravitational and electrical attraction. The fundamental concepts offered will enable students to understand the forces that govern the observable world. This course covers the fundamental concepts of energy, including the Law of Conservation of Energy. Other key concepts covered include gravitational potential and kinetic energy, how waves transfer energy, the nature of sound, and the electromagnetic spectrum. The course stresses that Energy concepts are essential for understanding all of the domains of science, from the ways that organisms get energy from their environment, to the energy that drives weather systems and volcanoes.